Learn Tajweed with Yasir Qadhi – “As-Safara Al-Keram” (The Noble Emissaries)

 

The Prophet said, "Such a person as recites the Qur’an and masters it by heart, will be with the noble righteous scribes (in Heaven). And such a person exerts himself to learn the Qur’an by heart, and recites it with great difficulty, will have a double reward." (Sahih al-Bukhari, Vol.6 Bk.60 No.459)

I have been slowly trudging through this series on YouTube on the subject of tajweed going by the recitation of Hafs ‘an ‘Asim (if you don’t know what that means, don’t worry about it for now). It is a 30-episode series (each episode only about 15 minutes long) that is taught by Shaykh Abu Ammaar Yasir Qadhi. It originally aired on television, but I am not sure as to which channel or when. It is a fantastic series in my personal opinion, and I learned so much from it, even though it only touches the basics. If you are a non-Arab, you probably need to watch this, no matter who accurate you believe your pronunciation is. Even if you are an Arab, you probably should look through it, since modern Arabic and Qur’anic Arabic are different. If you are a Desi Muslim, unless you specifically took tajweed lessons, I can almost promise you that you need this course.

A little on tajweed first. Tajweed is the science proper pronunciation and recitation of the Qur’an. Tajweed is NOT how pretty or melodious your voice is, but how accurately you can imitate the pronunciation of the Prophet’s (SAW) recitation. This is important because God revealed the Qur’an verbatim to the Prophet in a specific way, and it is important to preserve that the most authentic recitations that come from him, and thus, from God Himself. It is an act of worship in itself, but even if it wasn’t, it should be something that the heart yearns to learn it anyways. The idea that there is an Almighty God who sent down His verbatim Book, that these sound waves and concepts and communication descended from the highest of places to the our plane of existence, for us to hear, memorize, contemplate, study, and recite…why wouldn’t you want to preserve that? People collect memorabilia and artifacts from important people and places and they strive to keep it in mint condition, such as the original Declaration of Independence, or the Shroud of Turin, or the Rosetta Stone, or the original Mona Lisa…so why should the verbatim dictation of God be any different? It is one thing if you don’t believe in Islam, but for Muslims, just the awe of concept of a Qur’an should be enough to illuminate the importance and sacredness of tajweed. Best wishes.

Oh yeah, and I will put a description of each episode next to the link, so that if you need to spot check something, you can easily find the right episode. When I was going though the series, no one else seemed to have a description of each episode, so I had to spend 15 minutes just trying to find which episode I needed – it really was a bother, and put me off from learning. Later on I may post the actual summary notes I took from each episode, though they would be useless without watching and hearing the lessons. I hope this make it easier for those who came after me, insha’Allah.

Learn Tajweed with Yasir Qadhi – “As-Safara Al-Keram” (The Noble Emissaries)

Episode 1 – Basic Introduction to the Series: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=l11-AOjXsy8

Importance and Significance of Tajweed

Episode 2 – Etiquette of Reciting the Qur’an: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pinmYZ_9RKA

Spiritual Etiquette
*Ikhlas (sincerity)
*Khushu’ (humbleness)
*Expect the Reward
*Cleanse Heart of All Sins

Physical Etiquette
*Must Not Be in the State of Janabah When Reciting or Holding the Qur’an
*Must Be in the State of Wudhu when Touching Qur’an
*Must Not Disturb Others
*Must Say the Isti’adha (عوذ بالله من الشيطان الرجيم) Before Reciting Qur’an
*Encouraged to Say the Basmala (بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم) When Beginning to Recite, Especially at the Beginning of a Surah, Except Before Surah at-Taubah, Ch.9
*Recite in a Moderate Fashion, Not too Loud, Not too Quiet, Not too Fast, Not too Slow

Episode 3 – Makhaarij al-Jawf (Points of Articulation of the Oral Cavity) & Makhaarj al-Halq (Points of Articulation of the Throat) : http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Amrk5FPmFi4

Oral Cavity/Chest – short vowel sounds: fat’ha (a), kasrah (i), dhamma (u),

Lower Throat – ﺀ‎ & ه
Middle Throat – ع & ح
Upper Throat – خ & غ

Episode 4 – Makhaarij al-Lisaan (Points of Articulation of the Tongue) I: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=H3HS6dvlqwY

Farthest Part of Tongue + Soft Palate – ق
Back of the Tounge + Hard Palate – ك
Middle of Tongue – ي ش خ
One Side of Tongue + Molars – ض
Front Edge of Tongue + Back of Teeth – ل
Front Tip of Tongue + Back of Teeth – ن

Episode 5 – Makhaarij al-Lisaan (Points of Articulation of the Tongue) II: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7iI9wcOj0Ro

Tip of Tongue + Gums of Incisor Teeth – ر
Tip of Tongue + Upper Portion of Tongue + Gums – ت ط د‎
Tip of Tongue + Gum, a Couple of Millimeters above Gum Line – ز ص س
Upper Surface of Tongue + Tip of 2 Incisors + Tongue Extends Outside the Teeth – ظ ذ ث

Episode 6 -Makhaarij ash-Shafatayn (Points of Articulation of the Lips) and Makhraj al-Khayshum (Point of Articulation of the Nasal Cavity): http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7LoirNfAJZw

Both Lips – م و  ب
Lower Lip + Upper Teeth – ف

Nose/Nasal Cavity – Gunnah

Episode 7 – Isti’laa, Itbaaq, and Qalqalah: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=H5t6F2mrOoI

Isti’laa (tongue is raised to the roof of the mouth) – ظ ق ط غ ض ص خ‎
Itbaaq (mouth is closed, puckered up from inside) – ظ ط ض ص ‎
Qalqalah (moving or shaking of sound, only happens on a silent letter, not a fat’ha) – ق ط ب ج د
3 levels of Qalqalah: (1) – in the middle of a word, the qalqalah is lightest; (2) – in the end of a word, the qalqalah is a little bit stronger; (3) if the qalqalah letter has a shaddah, it is the strongest to emphasize the shaddah

Episode 8 -Tafkheem I – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=50WaUJ99dJg

All letters of isti’laa are tafkheem.
ل – Always tarqeeq (light), except in the proper name “Allah” when preceded by a fat’ha or dhamma (-allah/-ullah).

Episode 9 – Tafkheem II – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fzcewZNjCO8

ر – Can be tafkheem or tarqeeq, based on the following rules.
* ر is tafhkeem when there is a fat’ha or dhamma on it, or when it is silent but preceded by a fat’ha or dhamma.
*ر is tarqeeq when there is a kasrah on it or when it is silent but preceded by a kasrah.

Episode 10 – Tafkheem III – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZMSntzP0Zcw

Exceptions to rules for ر mentioned in the previous episode.
* ر is always tafkheem whenever it is preceeded directly by a أ (hamzat ul-wasl).
* A silent ر, when preceded by a silent ي, will always by tarqeeq.
*ر is always tafkheem when preceded by a letter of isti’laa.
* When ر is silent, is preceded by a silent letter, and the third letter before it has a fat’ha or dhamma, that ر is considered tafkheem.
* When ر is silent, is preceded by a silent letter, and the third letter before it has a kasrah, that ر is considered tarqeeq.

Episode 11 -Rumuz al-Awqaf (Stop Signs): http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_Txa15DZoXQ

مـ – must stop
قلي – better to stop
ج – allowed to stop
صلي – better not to stop
لا – should not stop

Episode 12 -Huruf Shamsiyya (Solar Letters) & Huruf Qamariyya (Lunar Letters): http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zHrnV6m4ERY

Huruf Shamsiyya (letters which, when are at the beginning of a noun, assimilate the ل of a preceding article) – ﻥ ﻝ ﻅ ﻁ ﺽ ﺹ ﺵ ﺱ ﺯ ﺭ ﺫ ﺩ ﺙ ﺕ
Huruf Qamariyya (letters which, when are at the beginning of a noun, do not assimilate the ل of a preceding article, meaning the ل is pronounced) – ه ﻱ ﻭ ﻡ ﻙ ﻕ ﻑ ﻍ ﻉ ﺥ ﺡ ﺝ ﺏ ء

Episode 13 – Idh’haar (Clarity): http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DstdQUAV7r0

Any ghunnah is held for two harakas.

Letters of Idh’haar (when a nun sakinah or tanween is followed by one of these letters, simply pronounce the nun sakinah or tanween crips and clear) – any letter from makhaarij al-halq

Episode 14 – Iqlaab (Conversion) & Idghaam (Merging) I – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-E2FPYB-5gw

Iqlaab (changing the nun sakinah or tanween into a م instead, sometimes signified in a mus’haf by a م) – only when followed by a ب

Idghaam without Ghunnah (the nun sakinah or tanween is bypassed so that the letter before it is connected to the letter after it, and no ghunnah is pronounced) – ر ل

Episode 15 – Idghaam (Merging) II: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RAmUXfx2oq8

Idghaam with Gunnah (the nun sakinah or tanween is bypassed so that the letter before it is connected to the letter after it, but there is a ghunnah pronounced within that connection) – و م ن ي

Episode 16 – Ikhfaa (Supressing): http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VktmhjvP1kg

Ikhfaa (supressing or hiding the sound of the nun sakinah or tanween with a ghunnah) – all remaining letters that have not been addressed by idh’haar, iqlaab, or idgham

Episode 17 – The Silent م: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CNkDPXdvuBY

Idghaam Shafawai (Idghaam of the Lips) – when followed by another م, with ghunnah, usually indicated with a shaddah

Ikhfaa Shafawai – when followed be a ب, with ghunnah

Idh’haar Shafawi – remaining 26 letters, no special rule

Episode 18 -Rules of Madd (Elongation) I: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sNQ0Yur7lTQ

Letters of Madd – وي ا, preceded by fat’ha, kasra, or dhamma, in that order, respectively

Natural Madd – occurs when a letter of madd is neither preceded nor followed by hamza or sukoon; 2 harakas

Madd al-`Iwadh (Replacement Madd) – when stopping on a double fat’ha, it becomes a natural mad

Madd al-Badal (Substitution Madd) – hamza occurs before madd; 2 harakas

Episode 19 -Rules of Madd II: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tHaaeUF3Hu8

Hamza After Madd
Al-Madd Al-Muttasil (Connected Madd) – within the same word, so lengthen to 4or 5 harakas
AL-Madd Al-Munfassil (Seperated Madd) – different words, so lengthen to 2, 4, or 5 harakas

Episode 20 – Rules of Madd III: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NcBirDy70e8

Sukoon after Madd
Aridh li Sukoon (Voluntary Stop, no written sukoon, as if you ran out of breath or reached the end of a verse) – 2, 4, or 5 harakas
Madd al-Leen (Easygoing Madd, silent ي or و, preceded by a fat’ha) – 2, 4, or 5 harakas

Episode 21 – Rules of Madd IV: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PTCkmMvD7So

Real Sukoon After Madd
Madd Lazim Kalimi (mandatory, one word; real, permanent sukoon after madd) – 6 harakas
*proper sukoon – only one word in the entire Qur’an, occurs twice in Surah Yunus, Ch. 10 vv.51, 91: أَالآنَ
*shaddah – indicates that there are two of that letter, the first with a sukoon, followed by the same letter with a haraka

Episode 22 – Rules of Madd V: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NEsKUijt-Dw

Madd as-Sillah (Connecting Madd) – refers to masculine pronoun of third person (for example, his book, كتابه), sounds similar to the و vowel sound
*If either letter before or after it is silent, no madd
*If letter before is not silent, and after it is hamza, then 2, 4, or 5 harakas
*If letter before is not silent, and after it is any letter besides hamza, only 2 harakas

Episode 23 – Rules of Madd VI: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ckR5wDiHqaI

Madd al-Lazim al-Harfi (al-Muqata’aat, the Abbreviated Letters)
*only pronounce name, no madd: ا
*madd of 2 harakas: ح ي ط ه ر
*madd of 6 harakas:  ن ق ص ع س ل ك م‎

Episode 24 – Special Types of Idghaam I: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AIE8jN_w-Lc

*Any time a silent letter is followed by the same letter, idghaam occurs. If that letter happens to be a ن or م, a ghunnah occurs as well.
* 2 Letters with Close Makhaarij: ر ل‎, ل gets dropped; ق ‎ك‎, first letter gets dropped

Episode 25 – Special Types of Idghaam: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kYOKoyFR7gE

Letters of Similar Characteristics
ذ followed by ظ; drop the ذ
تfollowed by د; drop the ذ
ت followed by ط; drop the ذ
د followed by ت; drop the د
ب followed by م‎; drop the ب
ث followed by ذ; drop the ث
ط followed by ت; drop the ت

Episode 26 – Exceptions I

Saktah (to pause momentarily without breathing, 4 places in Qur’an, may be shown by a small س)
*Surah Kahf, Ch. 18 v.1 – عِوَجَا
*Surah Ya-Sin, Ch.36 v.52 – مَرْقَدِنَا
*Surah al-Qiyamah, Ch.75 v.27 – مَنْ
*Surah al-Mutaffifin, Ch.83 v.14 – بَلْ

Madd as-Sillah Exceptions
* Surah Zumar, Ch.39 v.7, no madd – يَرْضَهُ
*Surah Furqan, Ch.25 v.69, with madd on the فِيهِ – ه

Ishmaam (show with lips a dhammah being pronounced, but no dhamma is pronounced)
*Surah Yusuf, Ch. 12 v.11 – تَأْمَنَّا, on the ن‎

Episode 27 – Exceptions II: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jzjxrzgd4bs

Imaalah (to produce sounds between ا and ي, sometimes symbolized by a diamond
*Surah Hud, Ch.11 v. 41 – مَجْرَاهَا, pronounced “najrayha,” not “majraha” nor “majriha”

Tas’heel of Hamza (pronounce hamza between alif and hamza)
Surah Fussilat, Ch.41 v.44 – أَأَعْجَمِيٌّ

س vs ص – sometimes these two are exchanged in recitation even if not reflected in the spelling‎
Sural al-Baqarah, Ch.2 v.245 – وَيَبْسُطُ, must use س
Surah al-A’raf, Ch.7 v.69 – بَسْطَةً, must use س
Surah at-Tur, Ch.52 v.37 – الْمُسَيْطِرُونَ – preferred to use ص
Surah al-Ghashiyah, Ch.88 v.22 – بِمُسَيْطِرٍ – preferred to use ص

Episode 28 – Demonstration of Proper Recitation by a Guest Qari I: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fBcNCC1snmc

Surah Ya-Sin, Ch.36 vv.1-11

Episode 29 – Demonstration of Proper Recitation by a Guest Qari II: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=byXbcp1gW1E

Surah Ya-Sin, Ch.36 vv.71-83

Episode 30 – Practical Steps for Memorizing the Qur’an – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YG8usotRWic

Spiritual Pre-Conditions
*sincerity
*humility
*du’a
*leave sins
*live life by Qur’an

Physical Pre-Conditions
*memorize earlier in the day
*pick one mus’haf
*consistency
*quiet place
*understand
*recite in prayer

– Farhan R.

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~ by Far7anR on October 24, 2010.

One Response to “Learn Tajweed with Yasir Qadhi – “As-Safara Al-Keram” (The Noble Emissaries)”

  1. Shokran akhy. May Allah give you khaer.

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